According to the GSS, five-year rates of violence in current relationships were 10 times higher among men who reported emotional abuse than those who did not. Footnote 38 Earlier research also shows that psychological abuse and physical abuse are highly correlated, although longitudinal data are needed to establish whether there is any causal direction.
However, some studies have identified risk factors associated with abuse:. On the other hand, it is noteworthy that differences in educational backgrounds and income levels seem unrelated to the risk of spousal abuse. An in-depth narrative study examined the experiences and effects of physical abuse for 12 married men, aged 25 to The men sustained injuries such as multiple bruises and abrasions, dislocated ribs, injured genitalia, minor head trauma, numerous lacerations, and internal injuries.
Weapons used by the wives included clothes hangers, steak knives, scissors, screwdrivers, cellular phones, fingernails, metal pots and pans, rolling pins, keys and other thrown objects.
Battered Men – The Hidden Side of Abuse
While these findings are not generalizable, they do point to the need for research if we are to understand the contextual factors that shape the motives, meaning and consequences of physical and psychological abuse for men. Such intimate partner abuse can also have indirect consequences, negatively affecting other family members. Footnote 59 There is a growing body of research on the long-term effects on children of growing up in an abusive home, including the following:. The indirect consequences can reach out even further and be seen in terms of economic costs to society as a whole.
Three studies have shown that woman abuse alone costs billions of dollars in Canada each year. Footnote No comparable estimates have been made for male abuse. Effective preventive measures are based on a recognition that abuse requires intervention at three levels: the personal, the situational, and the societal.
Intimate partner abuse, by males or females, is unacceptable.
The abuse of men is a complex social problem that warrants close attention. Action is needed to prevent and reduce both physical and psychological abuse in their early stages. Unlike perpetrators and victims of abuse involving strangers outside the home, those who perpetrate and experience intimate partner abuse are often tied by the bonds of love, affection and attachment. Nonetheless, acts such as assault and threats of violence, regardless of the context, are offences under the Criminal Code of Canada.
The following are some means by which victims and perpetrators of intimate partner abuse, as well as their friends and families, can act to prevent or stop the behaviour.
There are few services designed specifically for abused men. However, support may be available from the following organizations, many of which are listed among the emergency services on or near the first page of your local telephone directory:. Contact information is included at the end of this document.
Cook, Philip W.
Best Product Abused Men: The Hidden Side of Domestic Violence
Abused Men. The Hidden Side of Domestic Violence. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, Gelles, Richard J. Mills, G. Insult to Injury. Rethinking 0ur Responses to Intimate Abuse.
Princeton, N. J: Princeton University Press, Movement for Establishment of Real Gender Equality.
Edmonton, AB, Pearson, Patricia. Young, Cathy. New York: The Free Press, , and Intimate Partner Abuse against Men was prepared by Dr.
Eugen Lupri and Dr. The authors express their appreciation to Earl Silverman for helpful comments on earlier drafts of this document.
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The opinions expressed in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Clearinghouse on Family Violence, Public Health Agency of Canada. Contents may not be reproduced for commercial purposes, but any other reproduction, with acknowledgements, is encouraged. You will not receive a reply. Skip to main content Skip to "About government". Introduction Domestic abuse of women has been in the public eye for many years.
Footnotes Some scholars suggest that the motives for intimate partner abuse against men by women may differ from those for abuse against women by men, Footnote 17 and that women suffer more severe injuries than men. Footnote 19 Limitations of Male Abuse Studies Differences among studies often make it difficult to compare findings. The most recent Canadian data on the topic of self-reported domestic abuse shows that men and women suffer equal rates of domestic violence.
Yet fathers and their children experiencing abuse often have no place to go. Resources are scarce but they do exist. In Toronto, for example, a new support group for male victims of domestic violence has begun meeting at the Centre for Men and Families. According to author Philip Cook, of abusedmen. Domestic violence against men and women is a persistent problem but not a growing one, says Cook a U.
The abuse John says he suffered escalated from verbal and emotional to physical violence and financial abuse. The experience of being in a violent and abusive relationship also left him estranged from his sons and, he admits, feeling totally alone. He sought out and joined a support group. He stayed because of religious morality pressures from the church, and his children.
In discussing what happened to him, he admits he feels that society perceives him as weak and cowardly, and running from family obligations. Men can feel free to come out and admit it if they have been enduring abuse. They are not weak, nor cowardly. Drawing from a variety of sources, the final chapter brings these diverse elements together and proposes practical solutions for reducing domestic violence, whether its victims are male or female.
Exploring New Approaches to Reducing.
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